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CPR For Infants and Small Children

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Infants (Up to 12 Months) and Children (1-8 Years Old)


Perform only on an unconscious patient with no pulse who is not breathing.

If only one rescuer is available, perform one minute of CPR and then call 911 or seek medical aid. If two rescuers are available, one should call 911 or seek medical aid while the other begins CPR. Then the two should relieve each other as they become tired.

  • Send someone to call 911 or an ambulance.
  • Carefully position victim on his/her back.
  • Gently tilt the victim's head back by gently pressing the forehead and lifting the jaw in order to open the airway (A). Keep the victim's mouth open.
  • Maintain open airway and check breathing for 5 seconds as described in "Checking Breathing." If victim is breathing, maintain the airway and check for other injuries.
  • If not breathing, pinch the victim's nose shut, place your mouth over the victim's open mouth (B) and give two, slow breaths. If there s no rise in the chest, check for choking as described in Choking.
  • Check pulse for 5-10 seconds as described in "Checking Pulse". If pulse is present, go to "Rescue Breathing for Infants and Small Children."
  • For infants, place your fingers just below the breast line (B). For small children, locate the compression point as indicated in "CPR- Adults and Children."
  • Compress the sternum for infants 1/2" to 1" and for children 1" to 1 1/2". Give compressions at the rate of at lest 100 per minute for both infants and children.
  • Pause to give one, slow breath every 5 compressions.
  • After one minute, check the pulse for 5 seconds.
  • Send someone to call 911 or seek medical aid.
  • If no pulse, continue CPR until professional help arrives.
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