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Heart Attack/Stroke

Heart Attack

Signals may include persistent chest pain that often radiates to the left shoulder and arm, shortness of breath and bluish color of the lips and fingernails.

  • Send someone to call an ambulance or 911 as soon as possible.
  • If the victim has a pulse but is not breathing, begin rescue breathing.
  • If the victim is not breathing and has no pulse, begin CPR.
  • If the victim has been taking medicine for chest pain and is fully conscious, help them take this medicine according to the prescription.
  • If possible, call the victim's regular doctor and advise of the situation.
  • Keep the victim warm (preferably in a sitting position) until the ambulance arrives. 


Signals may include unconsciousness, limp facial muscles, weakness of one side of the body, breathing difficulty, unequal pupil size and speech impairment. Care as for Heart Attack above.

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