Language is the expression of human communication. It allows a person to express, experience, explain, and share knowledge, thoughts, observations, questions, needs, values, beliefs, and behaviors.
It is a specific method, style, or form of communicating for individuals or groups of individuals. Most language is vocal; however, it may also be expressed by symbols, as in letters and numbers, gestures, and sounds.
When language is impaired, problems can occur in all areas of a person's life, including social development, academic performance, personal relationships, employment opportunities, and self-sufficiency.
Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
Landau-Kleffner syndrome is a rare language disorder. It frequently occurs in normally developing children, usually between five and seven years of age, and is characterized by the gradual or sudden loss of the ability to use or comprehend spoken language.
The following are the most common indicators of Landau-Kleffner syndrome. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently.
Hearing and intelligence usually are confirmed to be normal in children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome.
The symptoms of Landau-Kleffner syndrome may resemble other conditions or medical problems, such as deafness or learning disabilities. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Landau-Kleffner syndrome is commonly diagnosed using an electroencephalogram (EEG), a scan that shows the brain's electrical waves, as well as other diagnostic tests.
Specific treatment for Landau-Kleffner syndrome will be determined by your health care provider based on:
Treatment may include medication for seizures and language ability. Speech therapy should be started as early as possible and sign-language instruction may also be suggested.
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