Shin splints refers to pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg (the tibia). Shin splints, also called medial tibial stress syndrome, usually develop after rigorous exercise, sports, or repetitive activity. This repetitive activity can lead to inflammation of the muscles, tendons, and thin layer of tissue covering the bone (the periosteium) of the tibia, causing pain.
The following are the most common symptoms of shin splints. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of shin splints may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of a shin splint usually is confirmed with a complete medical history and physical examination.
Specific treatment for shin splints will be determined by your doctor based on:
The best course of treatment for shin splints is to discontinue any activity that's causing the condition, until the injury is healed. Other treatment may include:
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