Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is administered when someone's breathing or pulse stops. If both have stopped, then sudden death has occurred. While some of the causes of sudden death include poisoning, drowning, choking, suffocation, electrocution, or smoke inhalation, the most common cause is from heart attack.
The following are the most common symptoms of a heart attack. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
Although chest pain is the key warning sign of a heart attack, it may be confused with indigestion, pleurisy, pneumonia, or other disorders. It is important to note that not all of these symptoms are present in every heart attack.
If you or someone you know exhibits any of the above warning signs, act immediately. Call 911, or your local emergency number. If necessary, give CPR if you are trained, or ask someone who is. CPR certification means you have received the necessary training and practice and can comfortably perform this lifesaving technique.
Both the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association provide excellent training programs in CPR, which helps to save thousands of lives each year. Ask your physician or healthcare provider for more information on becoming trained in CPR.
When a person collapses suddenly and isn't breathing or has no pulse, bystanders are often reluctant to assist with CPR for fear of doing it wrong or making the situation worse. Because less than one-third of sudden cardiac arrest victims receive pre-hospital CPR, the American Heart Association is promoting hands-only CPR. The technique consists of two steps: call 911, then push hard and fast in the center of the victim's chest. Hands-only CPR can help a heart attack victim survive three to five minutes long--possibly enough time until emergency medical services arrive.
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Online Resources of Non-Traumatic Emergencies