Torticollis, also known as wryneck, is a twisting of the neck that causes the head to rotate and tilt at an odd angle.
The exact cause of torticollis is unknown.
Congenital muscular torticollis is more likely to occur in firstborn children. This may also be accompanied by a congenital hip dislocation. The cause is likely from intrauterine positioning resulting in injury to the neck muscles.
Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical ligaments from a viral infection, trauma, or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include:
The following are the most common symptoms of torticollis. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of torticollis may resemble other conditions and medical problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of torticollis usually is confirmed with a medical history and physical examination.
Specific treatment for torticollis will be determined by your physician based on:
Treatment may include:
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