Preventing illness or injury is a big part of making your trip relaxing and enjoyable. Because some destinations have environments that may be very different from the area you live in, and travel to developing countries pose certain extra risks, it is important to take certain precautions.
If you are planning to travel outside the United States, the CDC recommends that you:
Be sure to also get prescription medications refilled to last the entire duration of the trip. Take extra prescriptions for medications, as well as necessary eyewear, in case it is necessary to have medications filled while abroad. Wear a medical information bracelet, if necessary, and take along a first aid kit for minor emergencies that may arise.
Eat carefully if traveling to a country with an increased risk of traveler's diarrhea. According to the CDC, travelers' diarrhea is the most predictable travel-related illness. Here are some tips to try to avoid diarrhea:
If you are traveling to a country with an increased risk of malaria, get a prescription for preventive medicine for this disease from your doctor. The medication needs to be taken before you go on your trip, during your travels, and for a certain number of days after you return, depending on the type of medicine prescribed.
Avoid swimming and any water activities in freshwater lakes and streams as you may be exposed to certain diseases. If you are traveling to a country with an increased risk of disease transmitted by mosquitoes, be sure to protect yourself with insect repellents, special clothing, and bednets.
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Online Resources of Travel Medicine