Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine. Often, the urine appears normal to the naked eye, but examination under a microscope shows a high number of RBCs. In gross hematuria, the urine is red or the color of cola, which can be seen with the naked eye.
Most of the causes are not serious; in some cases, strenuous exercise will cause blood in the urine, which usually goes away in a day. Other, more serious causes include tumors, kidney disease, infections, or an injury. Many people have hematuria without having any other related problems. To determine the cause of hematuria, or to rule out certain causes, a series of tests may be ordered.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for hematuria may include the following:
Specific treatment for hematuria will be determined by your doctor based on:
If you experience blood in your urine that lasts more than a day, tell your health care provider, especially if you have unexplained weight loss, discomfort with urination, frequent urination, or urgent urination.
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Online Resources of Kidney and Urinary Disorders