Blepharitis is an inflammation and matting of the eyelashes. This is usually a persistent, recurring problem for a child and starts early in childhood and may last throughout the child's life. Often, there is a secondary infection of the eye and a loss of eyelashes.
Blepharitis may be caused by an infection with bacteria, an abnormal production and secretion of the sebaceous glands (oil-producing glands), or it may be associated with seborrhea. Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the top layers of skin, characterized by red, itchy skin that sheds scales.
The following are the most common symptoms of blepharitis. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
Blepharitis is usually diagnosed based on a complete medical history and a physical examination of your child. Additional tests are not usually required to confirm the diagnosis.
Specific treatment for blepharitis will be determined by your child's physician based on:
Treatment may include:
If your child also has seborrheic dermatitis, along with blepharitis, treatment recommendations may include:
Severe cases of blepharitis may need to be managed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist (eye care specialists).
It is important to know that the goal of the treatment is to decrease the severity of the symptoms.
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