Cystocele is the name for a disorder in women that occurs when the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, causing the bladder to drop or sag into the vagina.
In addition to discomfort, the resulting dropped bladder can cause two kinds of problems:
The dropped bladder stretches the opening into the urethra, and urine may leak when a woman does any action that causes pressure on the bladder, such as coughing.
|Grade 1||Mild. The bladder droops only a short way into the vagina.|
|Grade 2||More severe. The bladder has sunk into the vagina far enough to reach the opening of the vagina.|
|Grade 3||Most advanced. The bladder bulges out through the opening of the vagina.|
A cystocele may result from the following:
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, (which may reveal the fallen part of the bladder through the vagina), diagnostic procedures for a cystocele may include a cystourethrogram (also called a voiding cystogram). This is an X-ray of the bladder during urination and with the bladder and urethra filled with contrast medium to determine the shape of the bladder and any obstructions.
Other tests and procedures may be necessary to determine if there are any problems in the other areas of the urinary system.
Symptoms of cystocele include:
Specific treatment for cystoceles will be determined by your doctor based on:
Treatment may include:
If you are considering hormone replacement therapy, the decision to start should be made only after you and your doctor have evaluated the risk versus benefit ratio based on your individual medical history.
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