The skin is the body's largest organ, covering the entire body. In addition to serving as a protective shield against heat, light, injury, and infection, the skin also:
Throughout the body, the skin's characteristics vary (for example, thickness, color, and texture). For instance, the head contains more hair follicles than anywhere else, while the soles of the feet contain none. In addition, the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands are much thicker than skin on other areas of the body.
The skin is made up of the following layers, with each layer performing specific functions:
|Epidermis||The epidermis is the thin outer layer of the skin which consists of three types of cells:
The dermis is the middle layer of the skin. The dermis contains the following:
The dermis is held together by a protein called collagen, which is made by fibroblasts. This layer gives skin flexibility and strength. It also contains pain and touch receptors.
Subcutaneous fat layer
|The subcutaneous fat layer is the deepest layer of skin and consists of a network of collagen and fat cells. It helps conserve the body's heat and protects the body from injury by acting as a shock absorber.|
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