A recent study reported in the journal Cancer has some sobering news: Younger men diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer don't live as long as older men facing the same diagnosis.
Among men with advanced prostate cancers, patients younger than 44 were about three times more likely to die from it than all other age groups.
Overall, the study's researchers report that young men with prostate cancer do quite well. But for young men with advanced prostate cancer, the researchers recommend treating it aggressively and with experimental methods if needed.
Although the causes of prostate cancer are not understood, researchers have found several factors that may increase the risk for it.
Key risk factors to consider:
Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men. And prostate cancer screening can find prostate cancer before symptoms develop. But the effectiveness and benefits of prostate cancer screening have not yet been determined, and experts are still debating the value of getting screened early.
More American men are being diagnosed with prostate cancer at an earlier age, likely because of more intensive screening programs.
But it remains unclear whether treating prostate cancer before symptoms develop actually helps patients. Most prostate cancers grow very slowly. In fact, many men who have prostate cancer die of something else before the cancer becomes a problem.
That's why the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises men to consult with a health care provider about the benefits and limitations of prostate cancer screening. The decision to undergo screening should be based on your own medical situation, values, and preferences.
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Many adults take a multivitamin for its potential health benefits. But too much of a good thing can be bad. Nearly 300,000 men ages 50 to 71 were asked about their multivitamin use over the past year. They were then followed for five years. Those who took the vitamins more than seven times per week had a higher risk for more serious prostate cancer. Risk was even higher among those with a family history of prostate cancer. But, there was no link between the vitamins and early prostate cancer.