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Orthopaedics is a medical specialty concerned with diseases, injuries, and other conditions of the human musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic conditions can range from problems that may be hereditary, such as scoliosis, to something acquired, such as repetitive stress on joints. Here you can learn about orthopaedic conditions including symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.

Picture of Doctors Looking at X-ray Results

Because children require special care to address their needs as they grow and develop, the medical specialty of pediatric orthopaedics addresses a range of conditions in young people. Here you will learn about congenital and hereditary disorders, growth-related problems, inflammatory problems, fractures, and sports-related injuries.

Arthritis refers to more than 100 diseases, most causing inflammation of joints. Find information here about how arthritis and other rheumatic diseases may cause pain, swelling, or limited movements in joints and connective tissues, and what treatments are available.

With more than 10 million sports injuries each year, the medical specialty called sports medicine deals with problems ranging from overuse of joints or muscles to traumatic injury. Learn more about prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of injuries in this section.

Your physician will complete a medical history and physical examination when evaluating a possible orthopaedic condition. More information may be obtained through diagnostic procedures ranging from lab tests to imaging scans. Once a condition is diagnosed, your physician will discuss treatment options.

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