Two major problems associated with tendons include tendonitis and tenosynovitis. Tendonitis, inflammation of a tendon (the tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones) can affect any tendon in the body. When the tendons become irritated, swelling, pain, and discomfort will occur.
Tenosynovitis is the inflammation of the lining of the tendon sheaths which enclose the tendons. The tendon sheath is usually the site which becomes inflamed, but both the sheath and the tendon can become inflamed simultaneously. The cause of tenosynovitis is often unknown, but usually strain, overuse, injury, or excessive exercise may be implicated. Tendonitis may also be related to disease (for example, diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis).
Common tendon disorders include the following:
The following are the most common symptoms of tendonitis. However each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of tendonitis may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of tendonitis is usually confirmed based on a complete medical history and physical examination. Tendonitis is often diagnosed after other diagnostic tests have been completed to rule out other conditions or diseases. Joint aspirations may help to rule out gout or an infection, while X-rays may help to rule out arthritis (although tendons cannot be seen on an X-ray).
Specific treatment for tendonitis will be determined by your doctor based on:
Treatment may include:
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