Otitis media is infection or inflammation located in the middle ear. About 75 percent of children have at least one episode of otitis media by the time they are three years of age. Otitis media can also affect adults, although it is primarily a disease that occurs most often in children.
Inflammation usually begins when infections due to sore throats, colds, or other respiratory problems, spread to the middle ear. These infections cause fluid buildup behind the eardrum.
The following are the most common symptoms of otitis media. However, individuals may experience symptoms differently.
Common signs of otitis media in children include:
The symptoms of otitis media may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
In addition to the symptoms of otitis media listed above, untreated otitis media can result in any or all of the following:
Cold and allergy medications do not appear to prevent otitis media. And, currently, there is no vaccine that can prevent the disease. However, it is important to consult your health care provider and make sure your child's vaccinations are up-to-date. There are certain factors that seem to increase the chances of otitis media developing in some children. These include:
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, the health care provider will inspect the outer ear(s) and eardrum(s) using an otoscope. The otoscope is a lighted instrument that allows the health care provider to see inside the ear. A pneumatic otoscope blows a puff of air into the ear to test eardrum movement.
A tympanometry, a test that allows for air and sound to be directed into the middle ear, may also be performed.
A hearing test may be performed for people who have frequent ear infections.
Specific treatment for otitis media will be determined by your health care provider based on:
Treatment may include:
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